“Buddha” meaning “awakened one” or “the enlightened one”.The word Buddha is a title for the first awakened being in an era. Siddhartha Gautama Buddha was a spiritual teacher from the Indian subcontinent, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded. He later taught throughout regions of eastern India such as Magadha and Kosala.
The time of Gautama Buddha’s birth and death are dated by historians as c. 563 BCE to 483 BCE but more recent opinion dates his death to between 486 and 483 BCE or, according to some, between 411 and 400 BCE. UNESCO lists Lumbini in Nepal, as a world heritage site and birthplace of Gautama Buddha. There are also claims about birth place of Gautama Buddha to be Kapilavastu at Piprahwa in Uttar Pradesh, or Kapileswara in Orissa, modern India.
Gautama is the primary figure in Buddhism, and accounts of his life, discourses, and monastic rules are believed by Buddhists to have been summarized after his death and memorized by his followers. Various collections of teachings attributed to him were passed down by oral tradition, and first committed to writing about 400 years later. Given below are some of his popular quotes or teachings:
- If a man who enjoys a lesser happiness beholds a greater one, let him leave aside the lesser to gain the greater.
- It is better to conquer yourself than to win a thousand battles. Then the victory is yours. It cannot be taken from you, nor by angels or by demons, heaven or hell.
- There is nothing as disobedient as an undisciplined mind, and there is nothing as obedient as a disciplined mind.
- What we are today comes from our thoughts of yesterday, and our present thoughts build our life of tomorrow. Our life is the creation of our mind.
- Better than a thousand hollow words, is one word that brings peace.
- He who experiences the unity of life sees his own self in all beings, and all beings in his own self, and looks on everything with an impartial eye.
- In the sky, there is no distinction of east and west; people create distinctions out of their own minds and then believe them to be true.
- Peace comes from within. Do not seek it without.
- The mind is the source of happiness and unhappiness.
- To enjoy good health, to bring true happiness to one’s family, to bring peace to all, one must first discipline and control one’s own mind. If a man can control his mind he can find the way to enlightenment, and all wisdom and virtue will naturally come to him.
- Whatever words we utter should be chosen with care for people will hear them and be influenced by them for good or ill.
- The thought manifests as the word. The word manifests as the deed. The deed develops into habit. And the habit hardens into character. So watch the thought and its ways with care. And let it spring from love, born out of concern for all beings.
- Meditation brings wisdom; lack of meditation leaves ignorance. Know well what leads you forward and what hold you back, and choose the path that leads to wisdom.
- Meditate. Live purely. Be quiet. Do your work with mastery. Like the moon, come out from behind the clouds. Shine.
- Believe nothing merely because you have been told it. Do not believe what your teacher tells you merely out of respect for the teacher. But whatsoever, after due examination and analysis, you find to be kind, conducive to the good, the benefit, the welfare of all beings — that doctrine believe and cling to, and take it as your guide.
- A family is a place where minds come in contact with one another. If these minds love one another the home will be as beautiful as a flower garden. But if these minds get out of harmony with one another it is like a storm that plays havoc with the garden.
- Words have the power to both destroy and heal. When words are both true and kind, they can change our world.
- The secret of health for both mind and body is not to mourn for the past, worry about the future, or anticipate troubles but to live in the present moment wisely and earnestly.
- Our life is shaped by our mind; we become what we think. Suffering follows an evil thought as the wheels of a cart follow the ox that draws it.
- Health is the greatest gift, contentment the greatest wealth, faithfulness the best relationship.
- It is a man’s own mind, not his enemy or foe, which lures him to evil ways.
- Do not dwell in the past; do not dream of the future, concentrate the mind on the present moment.
- The world, indeed, is like a dream and the treasures of the world are an alluring mirage! Like the apparent distances in a picture, things have no reality in themselves, but they are like heat haze.
- Our theories of the eternal are as valuable as are those which a chick which has not broken its way through its shell might form of the outside world.
- On life’s journey faith is nourishment, virtuous deeds are a shelter, wisdom is the light by day and right mindfulness is the protection by night. If a man lives a pure life, nothing can destroy him.
- All that we are is the result of what we have thought. If a man speaks or acts with an evil thought, pain follows him. If a man speaks or acts with a pure thought, happiness follows him, like a shadow that never leaves him.
- Believe nothing, no matter where you read it, or who said it, no matter if I have said it, unless it agrees with your own reason and your own common sense.
- We are formed and molded by our thoughts. Those whose minds are shaped by selfless thoughts give joy when they speak or act. Joy follows them like a shadow that never leaves them.
- Holding on to anger is like grasping a hot coal with the intent of throwing it at someone else; you are the one getting burned.
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